Paleolithic Diet in Medical Nutrition
– incorporating evolutionary biology in nutritional science
Staffan Lindeberg, MD PhD, Department of Medicine, University of Lund, Sweden
Dietary advice to prevent and treat common western diseases should be designed in accordance with human's biological heritage as much as possible. Foods that have been part of the human staple diet for less than 10,000 years should be critically examined before they are recommended as staple food. Even the risks with foods that were available during the Paleolithic era (Old Stone Age, approximately 2.5 million - 10,000 years ago), but which may contain anti-nutritional substances, should be carefully examined, in particular foods that are consumed in large quantities on a daily basis.